We often witness or face violations of our fundamental human freedoms and rights. Getting immediate and effective legal advice is the first step to addressing those violations and handling many other legal cases. This is where international law steps in. International law is the most powerful tool for countries to protect our fundamental human rights. Before we discuss the role and importance of international law firms in promoting and protecting human rights, I want to explain the law’s meaning briefly.
This means that the law’s purpose is to regulate human behavior and punish any violation of human rights. Local authorities and governments have established the rules and principles (i.e., They will make the rules and regulations applicable to all people within their jurisdiction.
What are the purposes of the law, and how does it impact political, economic and social life?
Without the effective application of law principles, justice in the world cannot be achieved. How does the law impact our daily lives? It is essential to protect fundamental freedoms and human rights. It allows us to live in a society that regulates relations between people and between objects. Every day we are exposed to different life situations regulated by law. Signing employment contracts, for example, requires us to comply with labor law.
Below, we will discuss in detail the role of international law in protecting human rights in light of our topic.
What is international law?
Many theories and definitions exist of international law. According to one definition, international law is a system or agreement between nations that regulates how countries interact with each other, their citizens, and other nations’ businesses. It can be divided into two major categories, private and public.
On the other hand, international law is a set of rules that govern and concern the mutual relations between nations. These rules are legally binding for all nations, regardless of their borders. The following are the major areas of international law:
- International economic law is the body of law that deals with the obligations and rights of sovereign states in international financial relations.
- International security law (a set of rules that aims to ensure effective operational cooperation between states for maintaining international justice and security on a global level)
- International criminal law is the area of law dealing with the prosecution and punishment of perpetrators, individuals liable for grave violations of human rights. It relates specifically to war crimes, genocide, crimes against humanity, and the crime of aggression.
- International environmental law is the field of international law that regulates the behavior of countries and international organizations concerning the environment.
- Diplomatic law is an area of international law that deals with diplomatic privileges, immunities, permanent and temporary diplomatic missions and the rights, obligations, and rights of state representatives operating on the territory or other states’ territories.
- International humanitarian law, A.K.A. law of war (sets of rules that regulate armed conflict between states and individuals or informal groups).
- International human rights law (a body of international law that aims to protect and enforce the respect of human rights inherent to all human beings).